The data presented in this section were compiled primarily from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the U.S. Census Bureau, and the New York State Division of Criminal Justice Services.
We compiled the facts in the tables and graphs in this section primarily from these government sources, and we performed the statistical analyses and other mathematical calculations in this section, if any. Trendsinhate.com takes full responsibility for the content of the graphic and numeric facts shown in the graphs and tables. Note that the data presented under-represent the actual number of hate crimes and hate crime incidents in the United States. A report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics called Hate Crime, 2003-2009 estimated that there were 239,400 U.S. hate crimes in 2003, and an estimated 148,400 U.S. hate crimes in 2009. In addition, on June 16, 2011, the Department of Justice released a report by their Bureau of Justice Statistics (a study based on detailed surveys of a statistically representative sample of the population) that found an annual average of 195,000 hate crime victimizations between 2003 and 2009, ranging from 239,400 in 2003 to 148,400 in 2009. The prior Bureau of Justice Statistics study—one using the same survey methodology but examining hate crimes between 2000 and 2003—had found an average of 210,000 hate crime victimizations per year. Both Bureau of Justice Statistics studies found that 55% to 56% of hate crimes were not reported to law enforcement. Hate crime underreporting appears to be getting worse even as hate crimes increase. Specifically, a third report by the Bureau of Justice Statistics estimated that there were 259,700 hate crimes annually from 2007 to 2011 in the U.S., and that the percentage of violent hate crime victims who did not report their victimization because they believed the police could not or would not help them increased from 14% in 2003–06 to 24% in 2007–11. Consistent with those findings, the FBI Hate Crime Statistics showed that there were 7,489 and 6,604 hate crime incidents in 2003 and 2009, respectively. Using an interview method, the National Coalition of Anti-Violence Programs (NCAVP) consistently reports higher annual numbers of hate crimes than the FBI reports (the Hate Crime, 2003-2009 report used NCAVP data). As another example, in 2008 the FBI reported a total number of 7 hate crime homicides nationwide; however, the NCAVP reported 28 hate crime homicides of gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgendered persons alone in 2008. The NCAVP reported 22 hate crime homicides of GLBT persons nationwide in 2009, 27 in 2010, and 30 in 2011. In addition, the Southern Poverty Law Center explained in 2001 how and why official hate crime statistics were underrepresentations of the actual number of hate crimes committed.
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